A definition of website hosting
As its name signifies, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting online content. There are different varieties and types of web hosting, based on the mission and on the usage. Nevertheless, they all pertain to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the Web. A host is in fact a server that is connected to the Internet and has its very own IP address, which permits users to gain access to it via the Web. The server's architecture and its resources are determined by the sort of hosting solution it will be used for.
What are the various forms of web hosting?
Based on the purpose, the professional web hosting service may be:
File Hosting - this form of web hosting allows the clients to host their files on a particular web server. With the customary file storage hosting service, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the customer that's availing of the service. This hosting solution usually concerns backups of computers , docs, private files and even other web hosting servers. This solution may also contain given restrictions in relation to the server space and the root privileges. There may also be traffic limitations, but that is dependent on the actual host.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting solution is quite similar to the previous web hosting service type. Still, unlike the file web hosting service, the warez hosting solution is used for circulating patented work without the authorization of the licence proprietor. To cut a long story short - it pertains to the forbidden distribution of files and docs. There are a lot of methods for this to be achieved, but the 2 principal ways are - through plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and via peer-to-peer connections. The first method involves either a certain website, or, most commonly, just a directory on a hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thus download proprietary documents free of cost. The second way involves a P2P connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent servers, through which users swap files between each other. There are just a few web hosting companies that allow such type of hosting on their hosting servers, chiefly owing to all the legal troubles that it presupposes. Usually such sites are hosted on private dedicated servers that are registered by 3rd party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Email Web Hosting - this solution is utilized with both shared site hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, depending on the customer's intention. If you wish to create your very own private SMTP electronic mail server, then you will need either a virtual web hosting server or a dedicated hosting server that provides the access level required to complete such a procedure. For regular mail web hosting ends, however, you can open a normal shared web page hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain. This is not a solution that's widely popular, since the web site hosting and the email hosting services are being served by two different web servers, usually owned by separate firms.
Web Page Hosting - the most popular and frequently used hosting service as of now. It's utilized for hosting site files, whose type is dependent on the Operating System the hosting server is using - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files necessitate specific web hosting server OSs, or else they won't be exhibited properly on the Internet. This type of web hosting may impose server storage space and bandwidth restrictions, root access and CPU usage limitations.
Based on the mission and on the objectives, the user should select the type of hosting server that he demands for his work, and, of course, the webspace hosting provider that's going to provide it. There are various kinds of hosting servers, based on the specs and the hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared site hosting server provides a smaller quantity of system resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small and middle sized websites, which do not need immense quantities of disk storage space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they work on the same principle as the shared web site hosting servers. Even so, there are much fewer users accommodated on the same web hosting server. That is why, each of them will have a larger share of the server's resources like RAM, server storage, traffic and CPU. Excellent for hosting huge websites that do not require complete server root access.
Virtual Private Server - the private virtual servers are excellent for middle sized online portals, which do require root access to the hosting server's config files. Normally, there are a few Virtual Private Server hosting accounts placed on the same physical machine. Still, each of them is independent from the other ones and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server - a fully dedicated server configured and accessed by you and only you. It ensures a tremendous amount of system resources. It also offers complete server root access, which renders it a perfect solution for any type of site that necessitates a web hosting solution.
The sole question that's left is:
Which web hosting supplier should I select?
As mentioned, there are not many hosts offering warez web hosting solutions because of judicial problems. Such web hosting companies are being closed down practically every month. Because of that, if you would like to run such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared hosting solution is the most widespread type of web hosting service. For that reason, each web space hosting provider offers it. Not all of them, though, provide services such as virtual web hosting servers, semi-dedicated web servers and dedicated servers. Most of the smaller website hosting vendors do not have the resources required for maintaining those services. That is the reason why it's invariably best to settle on a larger web hosting company that can furnish its clients with all the solutions that they necessitate. You can easily ID such hosting companies by the kinds of services that they are making available and by the way that they present them to the customers. For example, certain hosting companies allow you to commence with a small scale site hosting account and then shift to a more advanced one, if you find it necessary to do so. This is extremely convenient, because you do not have to transmit sites between servers and there is no risk of facing downtime because of all the complications that may arise. Web hosting providers such as Free Hostia are offering all types of services and have the needed hosting server resources and personnel to assure that their customers will not run into any problems when swapping services, which is what a top hosting company is in fact all about.